Definition of newroz

1) newday, new year, new sun, new begining, spring equinox 2) the first month of the Indo-Iranian (Zoroastrian) calendar, usually beginning on 21 March

Kurdish root word

nû, roj, ro, roz

Other forms

nuroj, newroj, nawroz, nooroj, nawruz, nevruz, navruz, noruz


From Avestan *navaka- "new" and raocah- "light".

The word has been formed by two Kurdish word of nû/new "new" and roj/roz "day, light".

Pashtun Nauruz (Gul-i-Surkh),
Persian نوروز,
Tajik Наврӯз

Newroz is partly rooted in the tradition of Iranian religions, such as Mithraism and Zoroastrianism. In Mithraism, festivals had a deep linkage with the Sun's light (roj).

In Kurdish legend, the holiday celebrates the deliverance of the Kurds from a tyrant and it is associated with fire, light (roj) and legendary Indo European myth of “smith” (Ku: blacksmith Kawa/Kaveh), also exists such as;

Ossetian legendary smith Kurd-Alä-Wärgon,
Hittite Hasameli,
Roman Vulcan,
Greek Hephaestus and Daedalus,
Indian Tvastr,
Irish Goibniu,
Norse Wayland the Smith,
Slavic Svarog.

Related words and phrases

nû, new "new", roj, roz "day"

It also exists as a loan word in

Albanian Sultan Nevruz
Azerbaijani Novruz
Central Asian countries (Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan) Navruz, Наурыз, Нооруз, نەۋروز,
Turkish Nevruz

Updated on April 22, 2023

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