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Satem languages: Avesta, Sanskrit, Old Church Slavonic (OCS), Kurdish and Lithuanian etc.
Centum languages: Latin, Greek, Old Irish (OIR), Gothic, Hittite, and Tokharian etc.

Centum is the ancient word for “one hundred” (centum) in Latin and Satem is the ancient word for “one hundred” (satǝm) in Avestan.

A branch of the southeastern Satem dialect – Proto-Indo-Iranian – expands from Ukraine and the steppes into Afghanistan, Iran, and into India. One tribe the Mittani (proto Kurds) goes as far west as northern Mesopotamia. The well-established cultures influence the newcomers greatly, but the Proto-Indo-Iranians of the steppes maintain their language.

NumberKurdishEnglishLatinSanskritAvestan
1yekoneūnusékaaēuua
2dutwoduodváduua
3sê, hrethreetrēstrítišr, θraii
4çarfourquattuorcatúrcatur, cataŋra
5pencfivequīnquepáñcapaṇca
6şeşsixsexsasxšuuaš
7heftsevenseptemsaptáhapta
8heşteightoctōastáašta
9nehninenovemnávanauua
10dehtendecemdáçadasa
11yazde(h)elevenūndecim
12duwazde(h)twelveduodēcim
13sêzde(h)thirteentrēdecim
14çarde(h)fourteenquattuordecim
15pazde(h)fifteenquīndecim
16şêzde(h)sixteensēdecim
17hifde(h)seventeenseptendecim
18hijde(h)eighteenduodēvīgintī
19nozde(h)nineteenūndēvīgintī
20bîsttwentyvīgintīvimshatihi
30thirtytrīgintātrimsati
40çilfourtyquadrāgintācatvarimsati
50pêncîfiftyquīnquāgintāpancasat
60şêstsixtysexāgintāsasti
70heftêseventyseptuāgintāsapti
80heştêeightyoctōgintāasiti
90notninetynōnāgintānavati
100sedhundredcentumsatamsata
1000hezarthousandmīllesa-hasrahazangra
10,000deh hezarten thousanddasasahasrabaêvare
100,000sed hezarhundred thousandsatasahasra / lak
1,000,000milyonmillionprayuta
1,000,000,000milyarbillionarbuda, vrnda, nyarbuda
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