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Definition of ve-

ve-, we-, ra- and hil- are word-forming elements in Kurdish meaning “back, back from, back to the original place”, also “again, anew, once more,” also conveying the notion of “redoing” or “backward,” etc.

Example Sentences

- vemirî: extinguished, off
mir: dead, death, mortal

- venêrin: to look around, to look about
nêrîn: view, look

- vereşan: vomit
reşan(din): to spray

- veşuştin: to rinse, to rinse out; to dry
şuştin: to wash

- vegirtin: retake
girtin: close, arrest, catch

- ragihiştin: to get, to reach
gihan(din): to get near something

-rabûn: rise, arise, grow, get up, stand up
bûn: to be, to exist, do, become, grow, being

- werger: translator
ger: to turn, trip, tour

- hilanîn: to hide, to take away
anîn: to bring


From Indo-European *wret-, *wert- "to turn" or PIE *ure "back".

The many meanings in the notion of "back" give re- its broad sense-range: "a turning back; opposition; restoration to a former state; "transition to an opposite state." From the extended senses in "again," re- becomes "repetition of an action".

English; in forming words from Germanic as well as Latin elements rebuild, refill, reset, rewrite,
Old French regret, regard, reward, etc.

Updated on March 6, 2023

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